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A Comprehensive Guide to GST in India: Who Must Register and Why

Publish Date: April 28, 2024

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The Game-Changer: Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India

A major tax reform in India, the Goods and Services Tax (GST) replaces various indirect taxes levied by the state and federal governments and unifies the tax system., which went into effect in July 2017, changed the tax environment in India with the goals of efficiency, simplicity, and transparency. However, it is still essential for both individuals and organizations to comprehend GST and its ramifications, especially with regard to registration.


What is GST?

GST is a comprehensive indirect tax that is applied to the whole supply chain—from the producer to the customer—of goods and services in India. It has a destination-based consumption tax system, which means that the state where the goods or services are consumed rather than where they are produced is the one that collects the tax money.

  1. Central GST (CGST): Central GST or CGST is the tax incorporated by the central government. This tax is imposed on the movement of goods and services within the state.
  2. State GST (SGST): State GST or SGST is the tax levied by the state government. This tax is appropriated in the state where the transaction occurs or where the goods are sold and consumed.
  3. Integrated GST (IGST): For interstate supplies, there is a tax included in the GST structure in India called the integrated GST or IGST. This tax is imposed on all the goods and services between two or more states or union territories.
  4. Union Territory GST(UTGST) :If there is a supply of goods and services within the Indian Union Territories, which the central government governs, a tax called Union Territory GST or UTGST is imposed.

This Four-way arrangement promotes the idea of “One Nation, One Tax,” lessens the cascading effect of taxes, and guarantees a smooth flow of credit throughout the supply chain.


Who Needs to Register for GST?

GST registration is mandatory for certain individuals and entities involved in the supply of goods and services, exceeding specified turnover thresholds. The following entities are liable to register for GST:


  1. Businesses Crossing Thresholds: Any business with an aggregate turnover exceeding the prescribed threshold limit within a financial year must register for GST. As of current regulations, the threshold limits for GST registration are:

– For Only goods suppliers: Rs. 40 lakhs (Rs. 20 lakhs for special category states).

– For service providers: Rs. 20 lakhs (Rs. 10 lakhs for special category states).

– For Goods and service providers: Rs. 20 lakhs (Rs. 10 lakhs for special category states).

Note: Special Category States: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand


  1. Inter-state Suppliers: Businesses engaged in business in more that one state (Inter State) supplies of goods and services are mandatorily required to register under GST, irrespective of turnover.
  2. Casual Taxable Persons: Individuals or entities supplying goods or services occasionally but not on a regular basis are required to register under GST before commencing business operations.
  3. Non-Resident Taxable Persons: Non-resident entities supplying goods or services in India must obtain GST registration
  4. Input Service Distributor (ISD): Any office of a business that receives invoices for input services and distributes tax credit to other branches of the same business is required to register as an ISD under GST
  5. E-commerce Operators: Online platforms facilitating the supply of goods or services must obtain GST registration, regardless of turnover.


Advantages of GST Registration


  1. Increase the Threshold for Registration: Earlier, VAT had a threshold value for Tax registration was 5 lakhs. If you have crossed your turnover of % lakhs per annum you have to register for tax. But GST registration has a threshold value of up to 20 lakhs. That’s the basic advantage we are receiving from GST registration.
  2. Online and Simple Process: If you are eligible for GST registration you can register online easily by just following a simple method/process. The great thing is you don’t have to visit too many offices; it’s a very followable and online process.
  3. Composition Scheme for Small Registration: The composition scheme is applied for small business owners whose turnover is less than 1.5 crores. According to this scheme, small business owners can get rid of the tedious GST and can pay GST at a fixed amount of turnover. It’s a very simple and easy scheme by the government for small business owners.
  4. Reduction in Tax Evasion: There are many strict, specific, and followable rules that have been generated with the appliance of GST. It provides a specified structure for paying the tax and reduces corruption.


Disadvantages of GST Registration


  1. Create Challenges for Small Business: The process of GST registration and taxation is a completely online process which is useful somehow but small business owners face little difficulty because adapting and understanding the whole process online from a pen paper can create challenges.
  2. High Operation Cost: As the GST registration and taxation process is online, businesses have to manage each thing with compliance software. It is a bit difficult to purchase software and manage small registrations and that’s also a challenging fact for them.
  3. Revenue Distribution: Paying GST and kind of taxes according to the turnover is a kind of sharing of our revenue as small businesses have small turnover, it’s a bit difficult for them to pay their turnover as a tax.

To Sum Up:

Whether small businesses are facing some issues with GST registration however it’s good for all of us in many ways. Now you don’t have too many taxes. There’s a simple and clear way of paying taxes is GST. SMEs may take time to adapt themselves in the digital era but after time it’s somewhere an easy process for them too.


In summary, GST has completely changed India’s tax structure, streamlining the tax code and promoting economic expansion. Businesses and individuals must grasp the intricacies of GST registration in order to take advantage of the benefits provided by the GST regime and maintain compliance with tax rules. Entities can help to create a strong and successful economy by following the guidelines and paying their taxes on time.


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