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Latest GST Developments: Stay Updated on Tax Changes

Publish Date: May 20, 2024

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Latest Developments in GST

Today, we focus on the recent guidelines issued by the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC), Notable Case Laws and the functioning of the GST Appellate Tribunal. These developments are important for businesses and taxpayers to understand and navigate the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime.

An instruction which is issued by CBIC for directing their officers to start and conduct investigations. For stake holders, this instruction is important in terms of the fact that this is obligatory for officers to follow these instructions. An Instruction No. 01/2023-24-GST (Inv.) dated 30/03/2024 has been issued by Ministry of Finance, Department of Revenue. These instructions shall be followed by CGST Units while conducting investigation with respect to various matters. For more Details refer :


Updated guidelines from CBIC


1. Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for reviewing returns.

In March 2024, CBIC issued a comprehensive SOP for vetting GST returns. The objective of this SOP is to ensure consistency and transparency in the inspection process. Highlights include:

  • Return Selection: Return funds will be selected for due diligence based on risk criteria and other criteria specified by CBIC.
  • Communication to taxpayers: Taxpayers will be notified of discrepancies discovered during the audit and will have the opportunity to provide clarification or correct errors.
  • Follow-up actions: Depending on the response of the taxpayer, additional actions such as show-cause reports or audits may be initiated.


2. Guidance on false invoices

The CBIC has stepped up the use of fake invoices with new guidelines to detect and punish fraudulent activities. The guide explains:

  • Detection methods: Data analysis and artificial intelligence are used to detect suspicious patterns and transactions.
  • Enforcement action: Severe penalties including arrest and prosecution of those involved in the issuance or use of false invoices.


3. Explanation of Input Tax Credit (ITC)

In response to various questions, the CBIC issued a clarification on ITC eligibility and claims, emphasizing:

  • Document Requirements: Maintenance of proper documents is essential to avail ITC benefits.
  • Matching principle: ITC claims to be matched with the corresponding supplier documents filed in GSTR-1.


Notable Case Laws


1. Union of India and Mohit Minerals Pvt. LTD.

In a landmark judgment, the Supreme Court ruled that Integrated GST (IGST) on marine goods is unconstitutional. This decision has significant implications for importers, who will not have to pay IGST on marine goods under the reverse tax regime.

2. M/s Canon India Pvt. He gave her a smile. Ltd. Ltd. vs. Minister of Customs

The Supreme Court ruled that Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) officials are not empowered to issue show cause notices under the Customs Act, 1962. Though the issue relates to notifications, it affects enforcement of GST unfairly committed by similar officers

3. Calcutta Club Ltd. vs. Union of India

The Supreme Court clarified that services provided by groups to their members are not subject to GST, upholding the principle of reciprocity. This decision has far-reaching consequences for interest groups, unions and the like.


Implementation of the GST Appellate Tribunal


1. Installation and Configuration

After lengthy deliberations, the GST Commission agreed to set up a GST Appellate Tribunal (GSTAT) to speed up dispute resolution. The GSTAT will have:


Principal Bench: The main seat is in New Delhi which has jurisdiction over the whole of India.

State Benches: Established in each state to deal with local cases.


2. Power and Authority

GSTAT shall have jurisdiction over appeals against orders passed by Appellate Authority or Revisional Authority. It will handle the following conflicts:


Input tax credit: The controversy over ITC claims and reversals.

Issues of classification: Debates over the classification of goods and services.

Value Disputes : Issues relating to the valuation of taxable goods.


3. Election of members

The Court shall consist of judges and technical members appointed by the Nominating Committee. The objective is to ensure a balanced and fair litigation process with knowledge in all legal and technical aspects of GST.


Implications for businesses

These developments have several implications for businesses:


Compliance and Documentation: Increased checks and fraudulent invoice instructions require strict compliance and proper record keeping.


Dispute Resolution: The GSTAT service provides a dedicated platform for resolving disputes, and can reduce the time and cost of litigation.


Legal precedent: Recent case law provides clarity on various aspects of GST, and helps businesses align their practices with judicial interpretation.



Staying updated with the latest instructions from the CBIC, understanding the implications of notable case laws, and preparing for the operationalization of the GST Appellate Tribunal are essential for businesses navigating the GST landscape. At Laudable Legal Solutions, we are committed to providing you with timely updates and expert guidance to help you stay compliant and optimize your tax strategies.

For personalized advice and more information on how these developments impact your business, feel free to reach out to our team of experts.

Stay tuned for more updates on GST and other legal developments!


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